Symptoms, signs, treatment, causes, and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults, a serious health problem affecting millions of people each year.
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Infections of the urinary tract are the second most common types of infection in the body. Cystitis infections are among the most common urinary tract infections: the lining of the urethra and bladder becomes inflamed and irritated.
Symptoms and signs
Frequent, urgent needs to urinate (often with only a small amount of urine), pain and a burning sensation when urinating and soreness in the abdomen, lower back or sides, are all symptoms of a urinary tract infection.The urine itself may look milky or cloudy, even reddish if blood is present. If your symptoms also include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and back pain, you may have a kidney infection. Left untreated, this infection can lead to serious consequences. See your health care professional if you are having any of these symptoms.
Being pregnant is not a risk factor for a urinary tract infection. Pregnant women have no greater risk for urinary tract infections than other women. However, when pregnant women do have the infection, it is more likely to spread to the kidneys. Such infections can lead to high blood pressure and increased risk of premature delivery. If you're pregnant and think you have a urinary tract infection, see your health care professional right away. Pregnant women should be screened routinely for asymptomatic urinary tract infection
Treatment of urinary tract infections primarily consists of taking antibiotic medications. Antibiotics destroy the bacteria causing the infection. For them to be effective, we must take all of the medication our health care professional prescribes, even if our symptoms disappear in a day or two, otherwise, our symptoms may return, or we have another urinary tract infection in a short time.
Most health care professionals suggest that drinking plenty of water helps cleanse the urinary tract of bacteria.
Health care professionals say that about 80 percent of urinary tract infections are caused by one type of bacteria, Escherichia coli (E. coli), from the bowel being spread to the urinary tract. A common UTI risk factor in adults is due to an enlarged prostate gland, catheters, or tubes, placed in the urethra and bladder, diabetes.
Urinary tract infections are more common in women than men because the female urethra is shorter than male urethra. Most women have at least one urinary tract infection in their lives.
. Drink plenty of liquids, especially water
. Wipe from front to back
. Empty our bladder soon after intercourse
. Avoid potentially irritating feminine products
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