Urinary Tract Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
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Urinary Tract Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Urinary tract infection is usually caused by the Eschericiah coli or E. coli bacterial strains that are found in the colon and around the anus.

Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is an infection involving any one of the urinary tract that is the bladder, ureter, urethra and the kidney. The most common form of UTI is an infection in the bladder also known as cystitis. This form of UTI usually occurs when the bladder is not completely emptied during urination. The other forms of UTI are the following:

-Urethritis- infection of the urethra

-Ureteritis- infection of the ureter

- Pyelonephritis- infection of the kidney

Urinary tract infection is usually caused by the Eschericiah coli or E. coli bacterial strains that are found in the colon and around the anus. The bacteria can then move from the anus to the opening of the urethra. This is usually caused by poor hygiene or sexual intercourse. During urination, the urine may be able to flush out these bacteria but when there are too many, the act of emptying the bladder may not be enough to stop their proliferation. The bacteria will then move up to the bladder and cause infection.

The symptoms of UTI include burning sensation before or after urination, frequent need to urinate but with little or no urine when actually urinating, lower back pain, fever, smelly or blood tinged urine, nausea and vomiting among others. Women are mostly prone to contracting UTI although children and men may also experience urinary tract infection. Those who are susceptible to UTI are usually those who already had UTI in the past, pregnant women, women who take in pills, post menopausal women, women who have lowered immunity defense and babies who were born with abnormalities in the urinary tract.

Infections in the urinary tract can be treated by having urinalysis and taking in the proper dose of antibiotics. If left untreated however, the infection may reach the kidneys which may cause scarring or permanent damage to the kidneys. In pregnant women, infection of the urinary tract may be harmful to both the baby and the mother thus it is important for a pregnant woman to consult a doctor when she suspects that she has UTI. When treated early in the pregnancy, the infection will not cause any harm to the baby but if left untreated, it may lead preterm labor and low birth weight.

Even if UTI can easily be treated, having an infection in the urinary tract can be pretty much annoying and very uncomfortable especially at night where you are forced to leave the comforts of your bed just to let out a few drops of urine and with the accompaniment of pain. So in order to reduce the risk of infection, always drink plenty of water. Aside from water being able to dilute urine, your body will also need to urinate frequently thus flushing the bacteria out before the infection can set in. In addition to drinking plenty of water, it is also advisable to take in vitamin C. And when you feel the urge to urinate, do so immediately and then empty the bladder completely. After urinating, wipe the genital area from front to back. With this action, you will be able to prevent the movement of the bacteria in the area of the anus from spreading to the vagina.

 

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Comments (16)

Very great info about urinary tract infection. Voted up

I agree with Sabir. Good work

Very informative article on UTI. I didn't know it's such a common condition!

Excellent article that I learned a lot from. Voted you up. Well done.

thanks for your comments, am inspired to write continuously:)

WEll composed healthful and helpful article.Sorry out of votes, so I will promote this great material.

thanks much!

Very informative and useful topic

Coming back with a well deserved vote up.

Very informative. Voted up!

Great and needed infomation, and this condition, accoriding to family pediatrician, is now being seen in girls as young as three years old...voted up

Very well done! Some really useful information and well written article. Thanks and voted up!

Voted up...Great write!

This is great info, thanks for sharing - Francina, the reason it could be in kids that young can be as a result of using public toilets. This is currently the no 1 way the majority of the public get them (in the UK anyway). Public toilets are the cause of many diseases and this is just one. Brilliant article, Marie :D

This is a well written and informative article. I just took my daughter in last week for UTI. They gave her anti-biotics and had her drink plenty of water.

I am out of votes too but I will come back and vote this up tomorrow. I just tweeted it. thank you

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